iRest Yoga Nidra Research

This page shows published, upcoming and planned research projects. Please check back here on a regular basis as we will post published research articles and posters regarding iRest Yoga Nidra Meditation as they become available to the public. It takes time for each completed research project to be collated and written up, and accepted for publication, so if you don't see a particular study that you know has been completed, we're waiting its publication. 

2016

Comparative Effectiveness of Three Occupational Therapy Sleep Interventions: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Sharon A. Gutman; Kristin A. Gregory; Megan M. Sadlier-Brown; Marcy A. Schlissel; Allison M. Schubert; Lee Ann Westover; Richard C. Miller

Although sleep intervention is within the domain of occupational therapy, few studies exist supporting practice.

2015

Using Mindfulness Meditation to Improve Pain Management in Combat Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury

Thomas H. Nassif, PhD; Deborah O. Norris, PhD; Karen L. Soltes, LCSW; Friedhelm Sandbrink, MD; Marc R. Blackman, MD; Julie C. Chapman, PsyD

Pain conditions are the most frequently reported health concern in Veterans who served in Afghanistan (OEF) or Iraq (OIF) (1,2) and are highly comorbid with traumatic brain injury (TBI) (3). However, availability of specialized pain care is limited and few treatment options have been found to be effective for long-term management of chronic pain (4). This pilot study examined the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation (MM) for managing chronic pain in OEF/OIF Veterans who sustained a TBI during deployment.

Utilizing Integrative Restoration (iRest®) to Enhance the Resiliency of Military Couples.

Inman, A.; Vriend, C.; Young-McCaughan, S.; Rose, M. E.; Miller, R.

Currently being written up for publication.

2014

iRest Integrative Restoration, A Meditative Approach to Healing: Bringing Calm and Ease to Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence and/or Stalking.

Jennifer R. Shearin; Kim Anderson, PhD, MSW, LCSW; Terry Wilson, M.Ed., R.N., C.H.E.S

METHOD © This research single-subject design tested the feasibility of iRest – Integrative Restoration Yoga Nidra an evidence based form of meditation—as an intervention for trauma recovery for survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) and/or stalking.

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation (iRest) for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in U.S. Veterans Using the Defense and Veterans Pain Rating Scale.

Thomas H. Nassif, PhD; Deborah O. Norris, PhD; Karen L. Soltes, LCSW; Marc R. Blackman, MD; Julie C. Chapman, PsyD; Friedhelm Sandbrink, MD.

This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation (MM) for managing chronic pain in U.S. military veterans who have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) during deployment to Afghanistan (OEF) or Iraq (OIF). Musculoskeletal pain conditions are the most frequently diagnosed health condition in this military cohort, exceeding any other medical or psychological concern (1, 2).

iRest Yoga-Nidra on the College Campus: Changes in Stress, Depression, Worry, and Mindfulness.

Heather Eastman-Mueller, PhD, CSE, CHES; Terry Wilson, M.Ed, RN, CHES; Ae-Kyung Jung, MA; Andrea Kimura, M.Ed; Jeff Tarrant, PhD, BCN

Objectives: There is evidence that yoga practice is associated with dec reased stre ss, worry, and depre ss i on, and with improved mindfulness-based skills. These findings had not been previously replicated for a sample of college students. This study evaluated whether iRest yoga-nidra practice was associated with reduced perceived stress, worry, and depression, and increased mind fulness in a sample of college students.

Exploring the Experiences of Women with Complex Trauma with the Practice of iRest Yoga Nidra.

Hartman, Courtney

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of women who had complex histories of trauma, with an 8-week Integrative Restoration (iRest) intervention. The secondary objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between lifelong trauma exposure and perceived therapeutic gain using a phenomenological approach.

Delivering Integrative Restoration Yoga Nidra Meditation (iRest®) to Women with Sexual Trauma at a Veteran’s Medical Center: A Pilot Study.

Pamela G. Pence; Lori S. Katz; Cristi Huffman; Geta Cojucar, MA

This pilot study examines iRest, a form of guided mindfulness meditation, and its ability to reduce symptoms associated with sexual trauma, including military sexual trauma (MST), in a sample of women seeking psychotherapy services at a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center.

2013

Impact of Brief Meditation Training on Stress, Distress, and Quality of Life for Homeless Adults.

Bhogaonker, Priya

Although the efficacy of meditation-based interventions has been widely studied, research with homeless groups is minimal. Homeless people suffer from increased levels of stress, emotional distress, and negative life events that can present a complicated web of inseparable stressors.

2012

Meditation (Integrative Restoration – iRest) and Relapse Prevention in Chemical Dependency.

Leslie Temme, PhD

This research investigated the effect of meditation on warning signs of relapse among adults in residential treatment for chemical dependency. Results were that meditation increased participants' mindfulness, decreased negative mood, and reduced warning signs of relapse. The effect of the intervention on risk of relapse was mediated by mindfulness, the effect of which was, in turn, partially mediated by decrease in negative mood states.

The Effect of Meditation on Cortisol: A Comparison of Meditation Techniques to a Control Group.

Amy R. Borchardt, M.S.; Stephen M. Patterson, Ph.D.; Elizabeth K. Seng, M.S.

There are inherently different types of meditation used to manage stress. Focused attention meditation (FAM) techniques involve sustaining attention on a specific object. Open monitoring techniques (OMM) involve moment-to-moment, nonreactive, monitoring of the present experience. 

2011

Integrative Restoration (iRest) Meditation and Perceived Stress Levels and Negative Moods in School Counselorsntegrative Restoration (iRest) Meditation and Perceived Stress Levels and Negative Moods in School Counselors

Birdsall, B.; Pritchard, M.; Elison-Bowers, P.; Spann, J.

Research suggests that many counselors experience stress in the workplace. In fact, Sears and Navin (1983) reported that 14.8% of school counselors viewed counseling as “very stressful,” 50.4% rated it “moderately stressful,” and 30.1% found it “mildly stressful.” In addition, Arvay and Uhlemann (1996) reported that 16% of counselors working with trauma patients felt that they were highly psychologically fatigued. Just over a quarter (26%) reported that they were dissatisfied with their level of productivity at work, and 14% claimed to experience extreme stress levels similar to patients who have post-traumatic stress disorder.

Effectiveness of a Mindfulness Based Group Therapy (MBGT) Using iRest in Improving the Quality of Life in People Who Have Had a Brain Injury: A Pilot Study.

Ovitt, L.

Acquired brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem in industrialized countries that has reached epidemic proportions. There are numerous physical, neurological and psychiatric consequences of TBI that interfere with a person’s day-to-day functioning.

Transforming Trauma: A Qualitative Feasibility Study of Integrative Restoration (iRest) Yoga Nidra on Combat-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Stankovic, L., MA, RYT.

This eight-week study examined the feasibility of offering weekly classes in Integrative Restoration (iRest), a form of mindfulness meditation, to military combat veterans at a community mental health agency in the San Francisco Bay Area. Participants were 16 male combat veterans (15 Vietnam War and 1 Iraq War) of mixed ethnicity, aged 41 to 66 years, suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

The Effects of Integrative Restoration (iRest®) on Sleep and Perceived Stress in Military Medical Center Healthcare Providers: A Pilot Study for Developing Staff Resilience.

Bingham, M.

As a result of the increased demand for acute care for Service Members who have sustained injuries in Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom, the level of perceived stress and other associated variables among military healthcare providers is even more pronounced.

2009

Impact of Integrative Restoration (iRest) Meditation on Perceived Stress Levels in Multiple Sclerosis and Cancer Outpatients.

Pritchard, M.; Elison-Bowers, P; Birdsall, B.

Stress is a common occurrence in many chronically ill patients, and researchers are calling for cost-effective stress reduction interventions. Meditation techniques have demonstrated a host of benefits for chronically ill patients. The present study examined the effects of a 6-week Yoga Nidra meditation program on perceived stress in multiple sclerosis and cancer patients.

2008

The Impact of Meditation on Veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Malphurs, J.; Birkholm, M.; Miller, R.

Study has not yet been written up.

Integrative Restoration – iRest Yoga Nidra to Reduce Stress in Homeless Shelter Residents with a History of Trauma.

Vieten, C.; Miller, R

Although the efficacy of meditation-based interventions has been widely studied, research with homeless groups is minimal. Homeless people suffer from increased levels of stress, emotional distress, and negative life events that can present a complicated web of inseparable stressors. Without question, food, shelter, and case management services are the first line of intervention and stabilization. However, mind-body practices such as meditation may have the potential to reduce the negative impacts on stress and quality of life that may accompany housing instability.

Effect of Integrative Restoration – iRest Yoga Nidra on a College Student Population.

Gray, K.; Lundstrom, J.; Lundstrom, J; Blackman, K.

Integrative Restoration (iRest) is derived from the ancient meditation practice of yoga nidra. iRest is a guided practice that focuses on breathing techniques, body sensing, emotional relaxation, and guided consciousness meditation. Pilot studies testing the e!ect of iRest on participants with PTSD, chronic pain, asthma, emphysema, and homeless populations have shown promising results.

2007

Yoga Nidra as an Adjunctive Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Feasibility Study.

Engel, C.; Goertz, C.; Cockfield, D.; Armstrong, D.; Jonas, W.; Walter, J.; Fritts, M.; Greene, R.; Carnes, R.; Gore, K.; Miller, R.

Yoga Nidra is an ancient form of meditative inquiry used to reduce physical, emotional and mental suffering. The approach fosters deep relaxation, and is hypothesized to arouse the parasympathetic nervous system (relaxation response) through body sensing, deep breathing and other techniques.

Impact of Integrative Restoration (iRest) on College Students.

Wilson, T.; Eastman-Mueller, H.

The University of Missouri Student Health Center conducted a pilot study investigating the impact of Integrative Restoration – iRest with college students during the fall semester 2007.